Dr. Eva Schwindt
MedUni Wien RESEARCHER OF THE MONTH June 2019
DURATION TO ESTABLISH AN EMERGENCY VASCULAR ACCESS IN NEONATES AND HOW TO ACCELERATE IT
The aim of this simulation-based study was to compare the umbilical venous catheter (UVC) and intraosseous access (IO) in real hospital settings and to assess difficulties and delaying factors for the implementation of an emergency vascular access in neonates. Fifty-nine video-recorded simulated neonatal resuscitations with the requirement for a venous access were analyzed in 16 different hospitals with real-life medical teams.
Time to establish an UVC was significantly longer than that for IO (86 vs. 199 seconds). Delaying factors for UVC implementation were mainly due to the complex approach itself, the multitude of equipment required, and uncertainties about necessary hygiene standards. Challenges in IO implementation were handling of the unfamiliar material and absence of an IO-kit in the resuscitation room.
In simulated neonatal resuscitation IO is faster to implement than UVC and shows higher potential to be improved by training of medical teams and adaptation of infrastructural settings. However, future studies regarding safety and efficacy of IO access in neonates are required.
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